Every gardener, with a common sense, can easily know that water poured on soil can evaporate easily. You can dig a small area around the plant, cover with stones and rocks where water can percolate down easily to prevent evaporation.
You can also test in the soil moisture the same way. You can poke a stick in the soil around the plant to see if there is moisture. You should water only if there is dryness on the surface.
You can water only near the root tips. Note, that plants do not catch water flowing around and absorb water only near their root tips. The rest of water all around the plant is wasted.
You can put ‘mulch’ near the plant roots to prevent water from evaporation. Mulch can be prepared from any layer, such as dry leaves, compost, brick pieces, hay to provide moisture near the stem of the plant at its lower part. All the plants, benefit from mulching. However, the mulch has to be changed or moved up and down to prevent infections by fungus and worms.
A grass lawn may be soothing to the eye, but they require water in plenty. Now, we come to the most important part in the article – selecting plants which need less water.
Choose drought resistant plants in the garden. These plants do not need much care, and can thrive in the ordinary garden soil and in the full sun. The best examples are oleander plants. Another plant, if given the natural weather conditions, is Bougainvilleas. They love the heat, and their flowers are bright when there is less water.
There are also other types of plants such as bromeliads, bog plants and water lilies. However, seek the services of a gardener before you start the process.
Water Conservation Lifestyle
Make water conservation part of your lifestyle.
Turn off the taps while you are brushing vessels, or putting soap on your hands and face.
All the rinsed water, without chemicals can be fed to the garden plants.
Fix leaking taps as soon as possible.
Use only a rag and half bucket water for washing your car.